The LGBTQ community on Sunday marked Transgender Day of Remembrance by honoring transgender and gender-nonconforming people killed by violence – at least 32 this year, according to a report from the Human Rights Campaign.

What was in the report? The report released last week found that 85% of transgender and gender-nonconforming victims of fatal violence since 2013 have been people of color. Black transgender women represented 63% of all victims. It also found most victims – 77% – were younger than 35, and more than 4 in 5 were transgender women.

Data limitations: The authors behind the report say the 32 victims reported is likely an undercount because of unreported deaths, misgendering and some victims not being identified as transgender or gender nonconforming after their deaths.

The timing: The report’s release came amid Transgender Awareness Week, which raises the visibility of the transgender and gender non-conforming community and the issues they face. The week culminated in Transgender Day of Remembrance, which ever year honors those killed by transphobic violence with vigils and name readings.

Tracking fatalities in the US

The 2022 report marks 10 years of HRC tracking violence against the transgender and gender nonconforming community, reporting at least 300 violent deaths since 2013.

Among other findings over the past decade, the organization has reported that more than two-thirds of deaths involved a firearm and that 70% of those killed were initially misgendered by the media and/or police.

The report also found that 15 trans people have been killed by police or while incarcerated in jails, prisons or ICE detention centers since 2013, including two in 2022.

Bringing the amount of fatal violence against the trans and gender-nonconforming community to light can help to address the factors that lead to these deaths, according to Shoshana Goldberg, director of Public Education and Research at HRC Foundation and part of the team behind the report.

“More and more people are starting to realize that there really is this epidemic of violence, and to continue to say their names and tell their stories and talk about this epidemic is one of the first steps that needs to be taken to combat it,” she said in an interview with USA TODAY.

What are the driving forces behind anti-trans violence?

Multiple factors contribute to fatal violence against trans and gender-nonconforming people in the U.S., including anti-trans stigma, hostile anti-LGBTQ political rhetoric and legislation and systemic discrimination, according to the HRC report.